What Are Team Rotations? (Genshin Impact)

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Team rotations refers to the order of casting abilities to maximize DPS output and align character cooldowns.

This is very important in more challenging battle content. And it can easily make the difference between clearing Spiral Abyss or not.

Rotations are also affected by multiple things – like how to stack buffs effectively, energy management, attack combos, and how to prepare for the next rotation. Basically, it can vary significantly across different teams.

The character cooldowns of each team often align at around 20-25 seconds.

So by consecutively casting these characters’ abilities, their cooldowns also end at around the same time – thus effectively creating a pattern or rotation.

For more popular teams, it’s best to look up guides on them if you want to maximize their damage. And for more niche teams, you can definitely try your hand at making rotations!


Rotation Terminology & How to Read Them

Morgana team rotation in the Spiral Abyss / Genshin Impact
Morgana team rotation in the Spiral Abyss

Genshin rotations typically use shortened words to represent different attacks and abilities. These are pretty straightforward.

  • N/NA – Normal attack
  • CA – Charged attack
  • P – Plunging attack

Other terms used are meant to indicate character movement – namely, jump and dash/sprint.

  • J – Jump
  • D – Dash/Sprint

Lastly, combo notations denote how many times an attack should be done.

Numbers before the attack signify how many times you’ll perform an attack or cast an ability. So, for instance, 2CA means performing two consecutive charged attacks. Alternatively, you can also just string multiple attacks together. For example, EEE would mean performing 3 consecutive elemental skills.

Numbers after the attack or N# only apply to normal attacks. Characters have a normal attack string with multiple different animations and multipliers. And it can be optimal to perform some attacks from that string while not doing the rest.

So for example, “N3” means that you’ll only perform the first 3 normal attacks of the character’s attack string.

Now let’s try reading a rotation combo with these terms in mind.

Here’s an example rotation combo for a Ganyu-Venti-Diona-Mona (Morgana) team:

Diona E > Ganyu EQ > Venti EQ > Mona QE > Ganyu 3CA > Repeat

This basically translates to:

Diona skill > Ganyu skill burst > Venti skill burst > Mona burst skill > Ganyu 3 charged attacks > Repeat.

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Maeri Mgdrg

Maeri is an avid gacha player currently in the clutches of Genshin Impact. She mainly focuses on character analyses, underlying game mechanics, and occasionally reading game code. She also yearns for the day that Dainsleif is finally playable.